Fourier Synthesis of Linear Arrays Based on the Generalized Scattering Matrix and Spherical Modes

TitleFourier Synthesis of Linear Arrays Based on the Generalized Scattering Matrix and Spherical Modes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsCórcoles, J., M. A. González, and J. Rubio
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Date PublishedJuly
KeywordsAntenna array mutual coupling, cavity-backed microstrip circular patches, dielectric resonator antennas, discrete Fourier transform, discrete Fourier transforms, discrete Fourier transforms (DFT), finite element analysis, finite element method, finite element methods, Fourier series, Fourier synthesis, Frequency, generalized scattering matrix, GSM, interelement couplings, linear antenna arrays, linear arrays, linear equispaced arrays, microstrip antenna arrays, Microstrip antennas, pattern synthesis, S-matrix theory, Sampling methods, Scattering, scattering matrices, shifted spherical waves, signal sampling, spherical mode expansion, spherical modes, Transmission line matrix methods, Woodward-Lawson frequency sampling
AbstractThis paper presents a novel, simple pattern synthesis procedure for linear equispaced arrays which can be characterized by a generalized scattering matrix (GSM) and whose radiated field can be expressed as a weighted sum of shifted spherical waves. It can be viewed as an extension of the classic design techniques of the Fourier series (FS) method or the Woodward-Lawson frequency sampling method, to the case in which the individual antenna elements' patterns and all interelement couplings are taken into account. The design procedure, which yields the excitations needed to achieve the desired pattern, is based on either the FS or the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) of the spherical mode expansion of the array radiated field, as well as on various properties associated to the FS or DFT coefficients. In this work, to compute the GSM of the array and the spherical mode expansion of the field, a validated hybrid full-wave methodology, based on the finite element method and rotation and translation properties of spherical waves, is used. Numerical results of different synthesized array patterns are presented for different arrays made up of dielectric resonator antennas and cavity-backed microstrip circular patches.